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Decentralization of health and education in developing countries: a quality-adjusted review of the empirical literature

Channa, Anila and Faguet, Jean-Paul (2012) Decentralization of health and education in developing countries: a quality-adjusted review of the empirical literature. Economic organisation and public policy discussion papers, EOPP 38. STICERD, London, UK.

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Abstract

We review empirical evidence on the ability of decentralization to enhance preference matching and technical efficiency in the provision of health and education in developing countries. Many influential surveys have found that the empirical evidence of decentralization’s effects on service delivery is weak, incomplete and often contradictory. Our own unweighted reading of the literature concurs. But when we organize the evidence first by substantive theme, and then – crucially – by empirical quality and the credibility of its identification strategy, clear patterns emerge. Higher quality evidence indicates that decentralization increases technical efficiency across a variety of public services, from student test scores to infant mortality rates. Decentralization also improves preference matching in education, and can do so in health under certain conditions, although there is less evidence for both. We discuss individual studies in some detail. Weighting by quality is especially important when evidence informs policy-making. Firmer conclusions will require an increased focus on research design, and a deeper examination into the prerequisites and mechanisms of successful reforms.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/abstrac...
Additional Information: © 2012 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > International Development
Research centres and groups > Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: EOPP 38
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2012 13:24
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/44887/

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