Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M. and Wendland, Nicolai
How polycentric is a monocentric city?: centers, spillovers and hysteresis.
Journal of economic geography, 13
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We assess the extent to which firms in an environment of decreasing transport costs and industrial transformation value the benefits of proximity to a historic CBD and agglomeration economies in their location decisions. Taking a hybrid perspective of classical bid-rent theory and a world where clustering of economic activity is driven by between-firm spillovers, Berlin, Germany, from 1890 to 1936 serves as a case in point. Our results suggest that the average productivity effect of a doubling of between- firm spillovers over the study period increases from 3.5% to 8.3%. As the city transforms into a service-based economy, several micro agglomerations emerge. Their locations close to the CBD still make the city look roughly monocentric. This is in line with a hysteresis effect in which second-nature geography drives the ongoing strength of a historic city center even though the importance of the originally relevant first-nature geography has vanished.
||© 2012 The Authors
||transport innovations, land values, location productivity, agglomeration economies, economic history, Berlin
|Library of Congress subject classification:
||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:
||N - Economic History > N7 - Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, Technology, and Other Services
N - Economic History > N9 - Regional and Urban History
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R3 - Production Analysis and Firm Location > R33 - Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets
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