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Healthcare professionals’ organisational barriers to health information technologies- a literature review

Lluch, Maria (2011) Healthcare professionals’ organisational barriers to health information technologies- a literature review. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 80 (12). pp. 849-862. ISSN 1386-5056

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Abstract

Objectives This literature review identifies and categorises, from an organisational management perspective, barriers to the use of HIT or ICT for health. Based on the review, it offers policy interventions. Methods This systematic literature review was carried out during December 2009 and January 2010. Additional on-going reviews of updates through automated system alerts took place up until this paper was submitted. A total of thirty-one sources were searched including nine software platforms/databases, fifteen specialised websites/targeted databases, Google Scholar, ISI Science Citation Index and five journals hand-searched. Results The study covers seventy-nine articles on organisational barriers to ICT adoption by healthcare professionals. These are categorised under five main headings – (I) Structure of healthcare organisations; (II) Tasks; (III) People policies; (IV) Incentives; and (V) Information and decision processes. A total of ten subcategories are also identified. By adopting an organisational management approach, some recommendations to remove organisational management barriers are made. Conclusions Despite their apparent promise, health information technologies (HIT) have proved difficult to implement. This systematic review reveals the implementation barriers associated to organisational management and their interrelations. Several important future directions in the field are also suggested: (1) there is a need for further research providing evidence of HIT cost-effectiveness as well as the development of optimal HIT applications; (2) more information is needed regarding organisational change, incentives, liability issues, end-users HIT competences and skills, structure and work process issues involved in realising the benefits from HIT. Future policy interventions should consider the five dimensions identified when addressing the impact of HIT in healthcare organisational systems, and how the impact of an intervention aimed at a particular dimension would interrelate with others. Highlights This is a explicit, transparent and rigorous systematic literature review. This review focuses on organisational management issues. Databases used in this review are broader than previous exercises in the field. Organisational barriers to HIT adoption in healthcare are identified. Results are categorised in organisational barriers from a management perspective.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13865...
Additional Information: © 2011 The Author
Library of Congress subject classification: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 09 May 2012 08:12
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/43531/

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