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The value of (stock) liquidity in the M&A market

Massa, Massimo and Xu, Moqi (2011) The value of (stock) liquidity in the M&A market. The China Centre for Financial Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

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Abstract

We study the value of stock liquidity in the market for corporate control. We argue that the degree of liquidity of the target’s stock spreads to the combined firm. Public acquirers, especially the ones controlled by (short-term oriented) institutions, value the liquidity of the stock of the target as it preserves the possibility of liquidating their position swiftly and without adversely moving the price. We test this hypothesis on the US M&A market between 1987 and 2007 and show that acquiring a more liquid firm makes the stock of the acquirer more liquid. Acquiring a more liquid target firm also affects other characteristics associated with liquidity, increasing media presence, investor attention and reducing the cost of raising equity in subsequent SEOs. This induces public acquirers – and especially more liquid ones – to prefer more liquid targets to less liquid ones. It also translates into a higher probability of completion and higher compensation for the target. These effects are concentrated in acquirers with significant ownership by short-term institutional investors as well as private acquirers contemplating to go public.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.ccfr.org.cn/
Additional Information: © 2011 The China Centre for Financial Research, Tsinghua University
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: G - Financial Economics > G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance > G32 - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure
G - Financial Economics > G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance > G34 - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
Sets: Departments > Finance
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2012 09:36
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/43084/

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