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Democracy, autocracy, and intermediate associations in organizations: flexibility or unrestrained change?

Calhoun, Craig (1980) Democracy, autocracy, and intermediate associations in organizations: flexibility or unrestrained change? Sociology, 14 (3). pp. 345-361. ISSN 0038-0385

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Abstract

Organizational participation has often been treated as a matter of securing the involvement of individuals in a more `democratic' structure. Organizational responsiveness has often been sought in increasing ease and rate of change. These parallel approaches are criticized in this paper as overreactions to a myth of autocratic organization. They give inadequate attention to formal factors which constrain or encourage participation. Both extreme individualism and extreme centralism are shown to overlook the importance of intermediate associations. Arguments based on collective goods, small group and network theories are used to show how intermediate associations could increase the effectiveness of collective participation in organizational action and the stability of organizational structure.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/003803858001400301
Additional Information: © 1980 British Sociological Association
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Sets: Research centres and groups > Director's Management Team
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2012 15:07
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/42425/

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