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Self-reported and measured hypertension among older US- and foreign-born adults

White, Kellee, Avendano, Mauricio, Capistrant, Benjamin D., Robin Moon, J., Liu, Sze Y. and Maria Glymour, M. (2011) Self-reported and measured hypertension among older US- and foreign-born adults. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 14 (4). pp. 721-726. ISSN 1557-1912

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Abstract

Self-reported hypertension is frequently used for health surveillance. However, little is known about the validity of self-reported hypertension among older Americans by nativity status. This study compared self-reported and measured hypertension among older black, white, and Hispanic Americans by nativity using the 2006 and 2008 Health and Retirement Study (n = 13,451). Sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension were calculated using the Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure definition. Sensitivity was high among older blacks (88.9%), whites (82.8%), and Hispanics (84.0%), and both foreign-born (83.2%) and US-born (84.0%). Specificity was above 90% for both US-born and foreign-born, but higher for whites (92.8%) than blacks (86.0%). Despite the potential vulnerability of older foreign-born Americans, self-reported hypertension may be considered a reasonable estimate of hypertension status. Future research should confirm these findings in samples with a larger and more ethnically diverse foreign-born population.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.springer.com/public+health/journal/1090...
Additional Information: © 2011 Springer
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2011 10:12
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/40338/

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