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Reopening the convergence debate: a new look at cross-country growth empirics

Caselli, Francesco and Esquivel, Gerardo and Lefort, Fernando (1996) Reopening the convergence debate: a new look at cross-country growth empirics. Journal of Economic Growth, 1 (3). pp. 363-389. ISSN 1381-4338

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Identification Number: 10.1007/BF00141044


There are two sources of inconsistency in existing cross-country empirical work on growth: correlated individual effects and endogenous explanatory variables. We estimate a variety of cross-country growth regressions using a generalized method of moments estimator that eliminates both problems. In one application, we find that per capita incomes converge to their steady-state levels at a rate of approximately 10 percent per year. This result stands in sharp contrast to the current consensus, which places the convergence rate at 2 percent. We discuss the theoretical implications of this finding. In another application, we perform a test of the Solow model. Again, contrary to prior reults, we reject both the standard and the augmented version of the model.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 1996 Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Sets: Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Departments > Economics
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2008 12:28
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2010 08:51

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