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Returning refugees: psychosocial problems and mediators of mental health among Malawian returnees

Gillespie, Alex ORCID: 0000-0002-0162-1269, Peltzer, Karl and MaClachlan, Malcolm (2000) Returning refugees: psychosocial problems and mediators of mental health among Malawian returnees. Journal of Mental Health, 9 (2). pp. 165-178. ISSN 0963-8237

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Identification Number: 10.1080/09638230050009168


The psychosocial problems and mediators of mental health were investigated in an adult sample of 74 Malawian returnees. A semi-structured interview indicated a number of specific problems facing the returnees, including reclaiming land, discrimination and disappointed expectations. A demographic questionnaire, the Coping Strategy Indicator, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, and the Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale were used to identify potential mediating factors on mental health as measured by the Self Reporting Questionnaire and number of visits to a doctor/healer in the last year. Stepwise Regression analysis revealed that number of trauma events experienced, generalised self-efficacy and gender were significant predictors of mental health. However, there was no significant relationship between the measures of coping strategies and mental health. These results are discussed in relation to theories of stress, learned helplessness, and the possibility of facilitating returnee reintegration. The importance of contextualising the aims and instruments of research is emphasised.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2000 Informa Plc
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Psychology
Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2011 10:48
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2021 01:56

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