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Patient education methods to support quality of life and functional ability among patients with schizophrenia: a randomised clinical trial

Pitkänen, Anneli, Välimäki, Maritta, Kuosmanen, Lauri, Katajisto, Jouko, Koivunen, Marita, Hätönen, Heli, Patel, Anita and Knapp, Martin ORCID: 0000-0003-1427-0215 (2012) Patient education methods to support quality of life and functional ability among patients with schizophrenia: a randomised clinical trial. Quality of Life Research, 21 (2). pp. 247-256. ISSN 0962-9343

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s11136-011-9944-1

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to estimate the effectiveness of patient education methods on quality of life and functional impairment of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A multicentre, randomized controlled trial was carried out in two psychiatric hospitals in Finland from March 2005 to October 2007. A total of 311 patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizotypal disorder or delusional disorder were randomly allocated to computer-based patient education (n = 100), conventional education with standard leaflets (n = 106) and standard treatment (n = 105). Participants were followed up 12 months later. Primary outcome was quality of life (Q-LES-Q-SF) and secondary outcome was functional disability (SDS). Analysis was performed by intention-to-treat. This study is registered, number ISRCTN74919979. Results: Patients' global quality of life improved and functional disability decreased significantly in all education groups over the follow-up time. There were no significant differences between groups in these outcomes. Conclusions: In light of the findings there is no evidence to support a particular education method as the best way to improve patients' quality of life or improve functional ability. On the other hand, no intervention was found to be harmful. Thus computer-based patient education may be a suitable alternative for some patients. While information technology will be more widely used in societies, computer-based intervention may be beneficial for some patients with serious mental disorders.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/11136
Additional Information: © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Divisions: Social Policy
Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2012 11:22
Last Modified: 20 May 2020 02:22
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/38208

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