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Voting on a NIMBY facility: proximity cost of an “iconic” stadium

Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M. (2012) Voting on a NIMBY facility: proximity cost of an “iconic” stadium. Urban Affairs Review, 48 (2). pp. 205-237. ISSN 1078-0874

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Identification Number: 10.1177/1078087411423644


This paper provides a spatial analysis at precinct level of the 2001 referendum of the Allianz Arena, a professional soccer stadium in Munich in Germany. While at city level voters clearly supported the sports arena, voters in proximity of the proposed site opposed the project. Voters in proximity of an alternative site instead supported the project. We conclude that residents expected net-costs of proximity to stadia and engaged in the referendum in order to shift the stadium away of their neighborhood. These findings indicate that sport facilities may exhibit a NIMBY (Not In My Backyard) character, which stands in contrast to the evidence available for the U.S. Proximity costs and benefits of sports facilities apparently vary across sports and countries.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 SAGE Publications
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Spatial Economics Research Centre
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DD Germany
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
JEL classification: D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D72 - Economic Models of Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H40 - General
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Policy
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2011 11:11
Last Modified: 20 May 2020 02:28

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