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Lessons in lobbying for free trade from 19th-Century Britain: to concentrate or not

Schonhardt-Bailey, Cheryl (1991) Lessons in lobbying for free trade from 19th-Century Britain: to concentrate or not. American Political Science Review, 85 (1). pp. 37-58. ISSN 1537-5943

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Identification Number: 10.2307/1962877


I present a modified version of the public choice interest group model that integrates concentrateda nd deconcentrated interests with successful lobbying. It is argued that effective free trade lobbying required the political fusion of the economic interests representing two fundamental changes in nineteenth-century Britain's economy:(1) geographic concentration of the core export industry (cotton textiles) and (2) deconcentration of the broader export sector both geographically and in terms of industrial structure. Empirical evidence from both national and individual levels firmly supports the contention that the timing and political success of Britain's nineteenth-century free trade lobby required the combined forces of core export interests and the more diverse and geographically more evenly distributed interests of the export sector as a whole.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 1991 American Political Science Association
Divisions: Government
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
JEL classification: N - Economic History > N7 - Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, Technology, and Other Services > N73 - Europe: Pre-1913
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 23:32

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