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Muhammad Reza Pahlavi and the Bahrain question, 1968-1970

Alvandi, Roham (2010) Muhammad Reza Pahlavi and the Bahrain question, 1968-1970. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 37 (2). pp. 159-177. ISSN 1353-0194

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Identification Number: 10.1080/13530191003794723


This paper examines the role of Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, the late Shah of Iran, in the secret Anglo-Iranian negotiations over Bahrain from January 1968 to March 1970. Despite a clear strategic imperative for abandoning Iran's claim to Bahrain in the wake of the British withdrawal from the Persian Gulf, the Shah feared that such an act would be seen by the Iranian public as collusion with the British to surrender Iranian territory, thereby further eroding the Pahlavi monarchy's precarious legitimacy. Drawing on British official papers and Iranian oral histories and memoirs, this paper explores for the first time the story of these secret negotiations and the extent to which the Shah's diplomacy was constrained by domestic considerations.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2010 Taylor & Francis
Divisions: International History
Middle East Centre
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2011 12:04
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 01:09

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