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Routine outcome monitoring in clinical practice : service and non-service costs of psychiatric patients attending a community mental health centre in Italy

Percudani, Mauro, Barbui, Corrado, Beecham, Jennifer and Knapp, Martin (2004) Routine outcome monitoring in clinical practice : service and non-service costs of psychiatric patients attending a community mental health centre in Italy. European Psychiatry, 19 (8). pp. 469-477. ISSN 1134-0665

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Abstract

BACKGROUND : There is a paucity of economic studies carried out in the routine clinical practice of psychiatric services. This study estimated service and non-service costs in a random sample of patients attending a community psychiatric mental health centre in Italy. Costs of different diagnostic subgroups and variables associated with service and non-service costs were calculated. METHODS : A randomly selected sample of patients identified during one week of routine clinical activity was enrolled. Information was collected using the Italian-language checklist Questionario Economico per l’attività clinica dei Servizi Psichiatrici (QESP). Costs were classified in two categories: service costs (from the provision of services) and non-service costs (loss of productivity and informal care). RESULTS : One hundred and twenty patients were included. In patients suffering from schizophrenia the monthly service cost per patient was nearly double that for patients with other diagnoses. Non-service costs associated with patients’ lack of job opportunities were more than three times higher for patients with schizophrenia, accounting for a total monthly non-service cost per patient more than three times higher than that for patients with other diagnoses. Non-service costs associated with patients’ and caregivers’ time off work were similar in the two groups. In the multivariate analysis being unemployed was associated with higher service costs. Younger age, length of illness and diagnosis of schizophrenia were determinants of higher non-service costs. The latter three independent variables were also associated with overall (service and non-service) costs. CONCLUSION : The present study estimated service and non-service costs under routine circumstances to provide information on costs that community psychiatric services, patients and care-givers sustain when dealing with psychiatric problems.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.aep.lu/
Additional Information: Published 2004 © Elsevier. LSE has developed LSE Research Online so that users may access research output of the School. Copyright © and Moral Rights for the papers on this site are retained by the individual authors and/or other copyright owners. Users may download and/or print one copy of any article(s) in LSE Research Online to facilitate their private study or for non-commercial research. You may not engage in further distribution of the material or use it for any profit-making activities or any commercial gain. You may freely distribute the URL (http://eprints.lse.ac.uk) of the LSE Research Online website.
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Research centres and groups > BIOS (Centre for the Study of Bioscience, Biomedicine, Biotechnology and Society)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2006
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/325/

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