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Liquidity and manipulation of executive compensation schemes

Axelson, Ulf and Baliga, Sandeep (2009) Liquidity and manipulation of executive compensation schemes. Review of Financial Studies, 22 (10). pp. 3907-3939. ISSN 0893-9454

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Identification Number: 10.1093/rfs/hhn095


Compensation contracts have been criticized for encouraging managers to manipulate information. This includes bonus schemes that encourage earnings smoothing, and option packages that allow managers to cash out early when the firm is overvalued. We show that the intransparency induced by these contract features is critical for giving long-term incentives. Lack of transparency makes it harder for the owner to engage in ex post optimal but ex ante inefficient liquidity provision to the manager. For the same reason, it is often optimal to “pay for luck” (i.e., tie long-term compensation to variables that the manager has no influence over, but may have private information about, such as future profitability of the whole industry).

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2008 The Author
Divisions: Finance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2011 15:35
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 02:43

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