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Do neighbours affect teenage outcomes?: evidence from neighbourhood changes in England

Gibbons, Stephen, Silva, Olmo and Weinhardt, Felix (2010) Do neighbours affect teenage outcomes?: evidence from neighbourhood changes in England. Serc discussion papers, 63. Spatial Economics Research Centre, London, UK.

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Abstract

In this paper, we use census data on several cohorts of secondary school students in England matched to detailed information on place of residence to investigate the effect of neighbours’ background characteristics and prior achievements on teenagers’ educational and behavioural outcomes. Our analysis focuses on the age-11 to age-16 time-lapse, and uses variation in neighbourhood composition over this period that is driven by residential mobility. Exploiting the longitudinal nature and detail of our data, we are able to control for pupil unobserved characteristics, neighbourhood fixed-effects and time-trends, school-by-cohort unobservables, as well as students’ observable attributes and prior attainments. Our results provide little evidence that neighbours’ characteristics significantly affect pupil test score progression during secondary education. Similarly, we find that neighbourhood composition only exerts a small effect on pupil behavioural outcomes, such as general attitudes towards schooling, substance use and anti-social behaviour.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.spatialeconomics.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2010 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > L Education (General)
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 63
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2010 14:48
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/30797/

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