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Fifty years of urban accessibility: the impact of the urban railway network on the land gradient in Berlin 1890-1936

Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M. and Wendland, Nicolai (2011) Fifty years of urban accessibility: the impact of the urban railway network on the land gradient in Berlin 1890-1936. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 41 (2). pp. 77-88. ISSN 0166-0462

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Abstract

As the first to use an archival data set on historical land values in Berlin, Germany, from 1890 to 1936, we investigate the impact of the rapid transport system on urban decentralization, using comparative statics of classical rent theory as a benchmark. We find that the monocentric model performs well over the entire period studied, revealing gradients that – although diminishing over time – turn out to be relatively steep in international comparison. Travel time to CBD measures incorporating the rapid transport network, however, clearly outperform traditional distance to CBD measures in terms of explanatory power. The evolution of the rapid transit network, and the subsequent changes in travel times to the CBD, explain almost three quarter of the overall trend in decentralization. Endogeneity concerns are addressed in an IV framework using a counterfactual transport network as an instrument

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/issn/01660462
Additional Information: © 2010 Elsevier
Library of Congress subject classification: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: N - Economic History > N7 - Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, Technology, and Other Services
N - Economic History > N9 - Regional and Urban History
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R3 - Production Analysis and Firm Location > R33 - Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2010 10:22
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/29650/

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