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Does devolution lead to regional inequalities in welfare activity?

Costa-i-Font, Joan (2010) Does devolution lead to regional inequalities in welfare activity? Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 28 (3). pp. 435-449. ISSN 0263-774X

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Abstract

A recurrent objection to incipient processes of welfare-state devolution is that inducing diversity in welfare activity hampers public service uniformity and opens the door to regional inequalities. However, limited empirical evidence has been reported to back this claim from experiences of welfare-state devolution. I draw upon empirical evidence of three welfare services - namely, healthcare, education, and long-term care in Spain, 1998-2006. I aim to explore whether devolution has shifted the patterns of regional inequalities in welfare activity, and examine the impact of regional economic development and political and fiscal devolution on the observed patterns of inequality in welfare activity. My findings indicate a reduction in regional inequalities in welfare activity after the completion of regional devolution of all three welfare services examined. This was especially noticeable in education but also occurred (less markedly) in health and long-term care. Political devolution was found to be associated with 34% of (the declining of ) inequalities in health care activity, 22% of those in education, and only 4% of disparities in long-term care activity where local authorities have continued to play a heavy role, and inequalities are largely explained by regional differences in tax responsibilities.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.envplan.com/C.html
Additional Information: © 2010 Pion Ltd and its Licensors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Departments > European Institute
Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: UT ISI:000279897600005
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2010 10:56
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/28275/

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