Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Gender, migration and urban development in Costa Rica: the case of Guanacaste

Chant, Sylvia (1999) Gender, migration and urban development in Costa Rica: the case of Guanacaste. Geoforum, 22 (3). pp. 237-253. ISSN 0016-7185

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

This paper explores the reasons for urban growth in a peripheral region of Central America: Guanacaste province, north-west Costa Rica. While one of the major factors responsible for urbanisation in other parts of Latin America has been the expansion of economic activities in urban areas, the continued dominance of rural employment among the poor in Guanacasteco towns and high rates of seasonal out-migration to labour markets elsewhere in the country suggest that other factors may be more important. On the basis of an in-depth survey of 350 low-income households in three towns in the province, Liberia, Canas, and Santa Cruz, this paper finds that rural-urban movement in Guanacaste is much more strongly linked to the reproductive (e.g. housing, welfare) needs of household survival, than productive (e.g. employment, income) imperatives. The spatial divisions of labour which arise between household members in these different aspects of survival closely correspond with gender divisions of labour: men form the bulk of seasonal labour migrants, while women tend to remain behind in the towns to manage domestic work and child-care. This paper is concerned to explore the reasons for these associations, and their implications for women. In highlighting the importance of taking gender into account to explain the increasingly differentiated nature of urban growth in Latin America, this paper also stresses the need to examine in greater depth the factors contributing to current patterns of gender-selective migration in the continent.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00167...
Additional Information: © 1991 Elsevier
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 20:24
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/22729/

Actions (login required)

Record administration - authorised staff only Record administration - authorised staff only