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Do rural banks matter? evidence from the Indian social banking experiment

Burgess, Robin and Pande, Rohini (2003) Do rural banks matter? evidence from the Indian social banking experiment. Development Economics discussion paper; DEDPS 40, DEDPS/40. Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, London School of Economics and Political Science, London.

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Identification Number: DEDPS/40

Abstract

Lack of access to finance is often cited as a key reason why poor people remain poor. This paper uses data on the Indian rural branch expansion program to provide empirial evidence on this issue. Between 1977 and 1990, the Indian Central Bank mandated that a commercial bank can open a branch in a location with one or more bank branches only if it opens four in locations with no bank branches. We show that between 1977 and 1990 this rule caused banks to open relatively more rural branches in Indian states with lower initial financial development. The reverse is true outside this period. We exploit this fact to identify the impact of opening a rural bank on poverty and output. Our estimates suggest that the Indian rural branch expansion program significantly lowered rural poverty, and increased non-agricultural output.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk
Additional Information: © 2003 the authors
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Sets: Collections > Economists Online
Departments > Economics
Research centres and groups > Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD)
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2013 14:11
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/2244

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