Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Urban density and pupil attainment

Gibbons, Stephen and Silva, Olmo (2007) Urban density and pupil attainment. CEEDP, 80. Centre for the Economics of Education, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK. ISBN 9780853282020

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (441Kb) | Preview

Abstract

We explore the association between urban density and pupil attainment using three cohorts of pupils in schooling in England. Although – as widely recognised – attainment in dense urban places is low on average, this is not because urban environments disadvantage pupils, but because the most disadvantaged pupils with low average attainments attend the most urbanised schools. To control for this, we exploit changes in urban density faced by pupils during compulsory transition from Primary to Secondary school, and measure educational progress at the end of the Secondary phase, relative to attainments at the end of Primary schooling. Our results suggest that there are small but significant benefits from education in schools in more densely urbanised settings: Pupils in schools in relatively dense places – measured in terms of school density and other urban indicators – progress faster than others in their cohort, but the elasticity is low, at around 0.02. We detect this density advantage even amongst pupils moving relatively short distances between Primary and Secondary schools within urban areas, so we cannot attribute it to broad urbanisation effects experienced by pupils making rural-urban school moves. A more likely explanation lies in greater school choice and competition between closely co-located educational providers.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://cee.lse.ac.uk
Additional Information: © 2007 the authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > L Education (General)
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R20 - General
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for the Economics of Education (CEE)
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Departments > Geography and Environment
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 80
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2008 15:37
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/19393/

Actions (login required)

Record administration - authorised staff only Record administration - authorised staff only