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Trade measures in multilateral environmental agreements and WTO rules: potential for conflict, scope for reconciliation

Neumayer, Eric (2000) Trade measures in multilateral environmental agreements and WTO rules: potential for conflict, scope for reconciliation. Aussenwirtschaft, 55 (3). pp. 403-426. ISSN 0004-8216

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Abstract

Trade measures play several important functions in multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). However, because they restrict the free flow of goods between countries, these measures also potentially conflict with trade rules contained in the WTO Agreements. This paper demonstrates how the most iniportant MEAs employ trade measures to further their objectives and how this might clash with WTO rules. lt is shown that a potential for conflict clearly exists even though no country has ever challenged a measure purportedly undertaken in pursuance of a MEA before the WTO. Several policy options for reconciliation are examined and an amendment of GATT rules to introduce a MEA savings clause, possibly combined with a certification of specific measures by MEA secretariats, is found to be the preferred option.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.rueggerverlag.ch/page/aussen/hefte.cfm?
Additional Information: © 2000 Verlag Rüegger
Library of Congress subject classification: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JX International law
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Commercial Policy; Protection; Promotion; Trade Negotiations; International Trade Organizations
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q20 - General
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q3 - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation > Q30 - General
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2008 10:22
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/18907/

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